Types of fishing
The types of fishing practiced at Capbreton port and in other ports within the Bayonne maritime registration area.
There are many different types of net.
In general, a net is made up of one or several rectangular layers held vertically in midwater by weights on the bottom part and floats on the upper part.
It is a “dormant” art.
According to the type of fish being caught, the net can be either fixed or can drift and can be positioned near the sea bed or in midwater. The height and size of the mesh depend on the type of fish being caught.
Purse seine fishing
The purse seine is a turning dragnet.
Pulled by the boat, it surrounds a school of fish. Then a purse line, or drawstring, fitted through rings in the bottom of the net is pulled, forming a purse which traps the school of fish. The net is then pulled alongside the boat.
The fish are captured alive and are brought on board the boat using large dip nets called brailers.
Fish traps and pots
There is no actual potting boat at Capbreton, but several multi-purpose gillnetters and longliners also work with traps.
Classic bottom trawler fishing
Trawlers are large, cone- or funnel- shaped nets where the size of the mesh depends on the types of fish being caught.
The trawler nets are dragged along the sea bed. The net is opened by two heavy lateral steel boards . The trawl net is pulled by 1 or 2 boats (pair trawling).
Pelagic trawling nets are pulled in mid-water by 1 or 2 boats (pair trawling).
The main line has snoods (shorter lines) fixed along its length, with baited hooks.
It is a “dormant” art, for the lines are not pulled by the boat, but are left dormant in the water.
This line can be either fixed to the seabed or in midwater by drifting floats, depending on the type of fish being caught.
Tuna Pole and Line fishing
Lines are used to catch blue fin tuna when they are in schools near the surface of the water. The school targeted is lured under the boat or near it by throwing in live bait (called peïta) composed of small pelagic fish such as anchovies, sardines or mackerel.
The fish are caught using 3 to 6 metre long poles baited with small fish.
Water is sprayed onto the surface of the water throughout the fishing operation to excite the fish, keeping them near the surface of the water. The water jets also mask the fishermen’s activity on the boat.