The types of fishing practiced at Capbreton port and in other ports within the Bayonne maritime registration area.


    Gillnet fishing

    There are many different types of net.
    In general, a net is made up of one or several rectangular layers held vertically in midwater by weights on the bottom part and floats on the upper part.
    It is a “dormant” art.
    According to the type of fish being caught, the net can be either fixed or can drift and can be positioned near the sea bed or in midwater. The height and size of the mesh depend on the type of fish being caught.

    Main type of fish caught: hake, sole, sea bass, red mullet, meagre,…

    Purse seine fishing

    The purse seine is a turning dragnet.
    Pulled by the boat, it surrounds a school of fish. Then a purse line, or drawstring, fitted through rings in the bottom of the net is pulled, forming a purse which traps the school of fish. The net is then pulled alongside the boat.
    The fish are captured alive and are brought on board the boat using large dip nets called brailers.

    Main types of fish caught: pelagic species (anchovies, sardines, sprats, tuna,…)

    Fish traps and pots

    There is no actual potting boat at Capbreton, but several multi-purpose gillnetters and longliners also work with traps.

    Main types of fish caught: brown crab, spider crab, cuttlefish, velvet crab, lobster,…

    Classic bottom trawler fishing

    Trawlers are large, cone- or funnel- shaped nets where the size of the mesh depends on the types of fish being caught.
    The trawler nets are dragged along the sea bed. The net is opened by two heavy lateral steel boards . The trawl net is pulled by 1 or 2 boats (pair trawling).

    Main types of fish caught: hake, monkfish, whiting, sole…

    Pelagic trawling

    Pelagic trawling nets are pulled in mid-water by 1 or 2 boats (pair trawling).

    Main types of fish caught: anchovy, sardine, mackerel, albacore tuna, …

    Longline fishing

    The main line has snoods (shorter lines) fixed along its length, with baited hooks.
    It is a “dormant” art, for the lines are not pulled by the boat, but are left dormant in the water.
    This line can be either fixed to the seabed or in midwater by drifting floats, depending on the type of fish being caught.

    Main types of fish caught: hake, sea bass, gilthead bream, white sea bream, conger eel,…

    Tuna Pole and Line fishing

    Lines are used to catch blue fin tuna when they are in schools near the surface of the water. The school targeted is lured under the boat or near it by throwing in live bait (called peïta) composed of small pelagic fish such as anchovies, sardines or mackerel.
    The fish are caught using 3 to 6 metre long poles baited with small fish.
    Water is sprayed onto the surface of the water throughout the fishing operation to excite the fish, keeping them near the surface of the water. The water jets also mask the fishermen’s activity on the boat.

    Main type of fish caught : blue fin tuna